Chapter 4:Fuel Efficiency Training and Management
The cost of bus operations comprises of fuel use, salaries, bus maintenance, etc. Fuel cost is one of the most significant components of bus operations. As a resource, fuel for buses typically accounts for 35% to 50% (Bhopal City Link Limited 2014) (Atal Indore City Transport Services Limited 2014) (Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation 2014) (Dream Team Sahara 2014) (Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation 2014) (BrihanMumbai Electricity Supply and Transport Undertaking 2014) (Navi Mumbai Municipal Transport 2014) of total cost of operations. In light of this, bus fleet companies are becoming increasingly aware of the need and responsibility towards improving fuel efficiency. Several agencies have started focusing on efficient practices as a means of optimising their expenditure. In the absence of subsidies, improving fuel efficiency can lead to significant cost savings and should be a strategy adopted by all operators.
Due to the complexity of variables that impact fuel-efficiency, such as vehicle technology and fuel type, it becomes difficult to set benchmarks, train drivers and offer incentives to promote fuel efficiency. A systematic framework can facilitate the achievement of practical improvements in fuel economy and comprises of four key areas: driver training, management systems, vehicle maintenance, and incentive schemes (see Figure 48).
In line with the needs of operators and ensuring a desirable level of fuel efficiency management, this chapter elaborates on each factor and an overall strategy for city bus agencies.
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