Welcome to Worldtodresource

Including all different aspects (institutional, financial, design, legal) for a policy maker, local government official, or interested party seeking a first approximation to the concept of TOD in the context of the Global South. Through a multi-pronged approach, the TOD Resource seeks to fill the gap in literature, build capacity, and become a trusted and robust resource on TOD for cities in developing countries.
Commuting Patterns of Residents within a High-Density Urban Development: A Study of Hong Kong
Eddie Chi Man Hui and Ka Hung Yu
Habitat International
EN
Shaping Hubli-Dharwad as a "Connected City" Executive Report
WRI India Sustainable Cities
EMBARQ India
EN
The Role of Transit-Oriented Development in Constructing Urban Environment Sustainability, the Case of Jabodetabek, Indonesia
Hayati Sari Hasibuan, Tresna P. Soemardi, Raldi Koestoer, and Setyo Moersidik
Procedia Environmental Sciences
EN
Delhi Transit Oriented Development Policy Interpretation
Prerna Mehta, Neha Mungekar, and Merlyn Mathew
Lessons Learned From Five Case Studies of Italian and German Transit-Oriented Developments
Michelle DeRobertis
2010 ITE Western District Annual Meeting
EN
Transit-Oriented Development (TOD) and Employment
Dena Belzer, Sujata Srivastava, Jeff Wood, and Ellen Greenberg
Center for Transit-Oriented Development, Reconnecting America
EN
Transit-Oriented Development and Health: A Health Impact Assessment to Inform the Healthy Neighborhoods Equity Fund
Kate Ito, Noemie Sportiche, Barry Keppard, and Peter James
Metropolitan Area Planning Council, Massachusetts Department of Public Health, and the Conservation Law Foundation
EN
Transit-Oriented Development: Guide to Community Diversity
Growth Management Queensland, the Government of Queensland, Australia
EN
Africa’s First Full Rapid Bus System: The Rea Vaya Bus System in Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
Heather Allen
Global Report on Human Settlements, UN-HABITAT
2013
EN
Sustainable Street Network Principles
Congress for the New Urbanism
EN
Cities Safer By Design
Ben Welle, Wei Li, Claudia Adriazola, Robin King, Marta Obelheiro, and Claudio Sarmiento
WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities
Street Design Guidelines for Greater Mumbai
Sonal Shah and Saurabh Jain
The Hub, EMBARQ India
EN


Design connects people to their built environment. Designing vibrant, well-connected places that are people-oriented is integral to successful TOD, and can carry with it a range of social and economic benefits for community residents.

Organizing for Participatory Budgeting
Participatory Budgeting Project
2014
EN
Placemaking Tools for Community Action - Tools That Engage the Community to Create a Future That Works for Everyone
Placemakingtools.org
2002
EN
TOD Guide for Urban Communities
Claudio Sarmiento, Luis Zamorano, Robin King, Adriana Lobo, Salvador Herrera, and Julie Clerc
WRI Ross Center for Sustainable Cities
2017
EN
Africa’s First Full Rapid Bus System: The Rea Vaya Bus System in Johannesburg, Republic of South Africa
Heather Allen
Global Report on Human Settlements, UN-HABITAT
2013
EN
Definition of Special Purpose Entities
Direct Investment Technical Expert Group
International Monetary Fund
2004
EN
Special Purpose Vehicles and Securitization
Gary B. Gorton and Nicholas S. Souleles
National Bureau of Economic Research
2006
EN
The Use and Abuse of Special-Purpose Entities in Public Finance
Steven L. Schwarcz
Minnesota Law Review
2012
EN
The Next Chapter: Creating an Understanding of Special Purpose Vehicles
PricewaterhouseCoopers
2011
EN
Development Impact Fees and Employment
Gregory Burge and Keith Ihlanfeldt
Regional Science and Urban Economics
2009
EN
Metropolitan Smart-Growth Centers: An Assessment of Incentive Policies in Four Regions
Richard D. Margerum, Susan Brody, Robert Parker, and Gail McEwen
Metropolitan Smart-Growth Centers: An Assessment of Incentive Policies in Four Regions
2013
EN
Assessing Urban Growth Management: The Case of Portland, Oregon, the USA’s Largest Urban Growth Boundary
Arthur C. Nelson and Terry Moore
Land Use Policy
1993
EN
Neighborhood Development Floating Zone: A Model Ordinance to Foster Green Community Development Using the LEED for Neighborhood Development Rating System
Land Use Law Center at Pace Law School and the US Green Building Council
2013
EN


People-oriented design that provides the right policies and complete infrastructure to encourage walking and cycling has social and health benefits for the community via physical activity and social interaction. Furthermore, orienting streets towards the human scale and making them safe for multiple types of users (including cars, pedestrians, and the disabled) creates a vibrancy that can have social and economic benefits for residents.

Seattle Incentive Zoning: Analysis of Data Relating to the Historical Production under Seattle's Incentive Zoning Program
Cornerstone Partnership
2014
EN
Planning, Connecting, and Financing Cities – Now: Priorities for City Leaders - Chapter 3:Financing Cities
The World Bank
2013
EN
Municipal Finance of Urban Infrastructure
James Alm
Wolfensohn Center for Development at Brookings
2010
EN
Low Income Investment Fund Annual Report 2013
Low Income Investment Fund (LIIFund)
2013
EN
Rocking the Suburbs: Incentive Zoning as a Tool to Eliminate Sprawl
Spencer J. Clark
Brigham Young University Journal of Public Law
2007
EN
Trading Density For Benefits: Section 37 Agreements In Toronto
Aaron A. Moore
Institute on Municipal Finance & Governance, University of Toronto
2013
EN
Financing the Urban Transition for Sustainable Development: Better Finance for Better Cities
Nick Godfrey and Xiao Zhao
New Climate Economy
2016
EN
Guide to Value Capture Financing for Public Transportation Projects
Sasha Page, Bill Bishop, and Waiching Wong
Transportation Research Board
2016
EN
Who Wants Affordable Housing in their Backyard? An Equilibrium Analysis of Low Income Property Development
Rebecca Diamond and Timothy McQuade
National Bureau of Economic Research
2016
EN
The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit: An Analysis of the First Ten Years
Jean L. Cummings and Denise DiPasquale
Fannie Mae Foundation
1999
EN
Urban Transport in the OIC Megacities
Standing Committee for Economic and Commercial Cooperation of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation
2015
EN
Decoding Housing for All by 2022: India's Commitment to Inclusive, Sustainable, and Affordable Development
KPMG in India and the National Real Estate Development Council
2014
EN


Creating vibrant places and setting aside green space for the public throughout a region is another integral component of successful TOD design. When creating dense, compact development, it can be easy to overlook allocation of public and green space; however, many studies have shown the social and health benefits that these spaces have for urban residents.

The Reshaping of Land Use and Urban Form in Denver through Transit-Oriented Development
Keith A. Ratner and Andrew R. Goetz
Cities: The International Journal of Urban Policy and Planning
2013
EN
Suburban Sprawl: Exposing Hidden Costs, Identifying Innovations
David Thompson
Sustainable Prosperity
2017
EN
Pain without Gain? Land Assembly and Acquisition for Infrastructure Mega Project: The Indian Experience with the Bangalore International Airport
Kalpana Gopalan
International Public Policy Conference, Indian Institute of Management Bangalore
2014
EN
Regenerating Urban Land : A Practitioner's Guide to Leveraging Private Investment
Rana Amirtahmasebi, Mariana Orloff, Sameh Wahba, and Andrew Altman
World Bank
EN
Zoning Ordinance: Arlington County, Virginia
Arlington County, Virginia
2016
EN
Analysis of Public Policies that Unintentionally Encourage and Subsidize Urban Sprawl
Todd Litman
The New Climate Economy
2017
EN
Transforming Cities with Transit: Transit and Land-Use Integration for Sustainable Urban Development
Hiroaki Suzuki, Robert Cervero, and Kanako Iuchi
World Bank
EN
Linking Urban Transport and Land Use in Developing Countries
Robert Cervero
Journal of Transport and Land Use
2013
EN
Low-Income Housing Tax Credits: Affordable Housing Investment Opportunities for Banks
David Black and Sherrie L.W. Rhine.
Community Developments
2014
EN
CDFA Brownfields Financing Toolkit
Council of Development Finance Agencies (CDFA)
2015
EN
Financing Strategies for Brownfield Cleanup and Redevelopment
Charles Bartsch and Barbara Wells
Northeast-Midwest Institute
2017
EN
Measuring the Containment and Spillover Effects of Urban Growth Boundaries: The Case of the Portland Metropolitan Area
Jae Hong Kim
Growth and Change
2013
EN


When effectively employed, good design in TOD projects can respond to the needs of a community, create safe and inviting public spaces, and present important information in aesthetically appealing ways. Successful design can serve as the thread that connects individual transit stations along corridors and throughout entire mobility systems. Understanding the need to strategize and implement development within the context of a cohesive and comprehensive design plan is critical to the effective and wide-scale implementation of good TOD.

The Accra Pilot Bus-Rapid Transit Project: Transport-Land Use Research Study
Victoria Okoye, Jahmal Sands, and C. Asamoah Debrah
Millennium Cities Initiative and the Earth Institute at Columbia University
2010
EN
Public Transportation Decision-Making: A Case Analysis of the Memphis Light Rail Corridor and Route Selection with Analytic Hierarchy Process
Reza Banai
Journal of Public Transportation
2006
EN
Visión a Largo Plazo e Interacciones Transporte-Urbanismo, los Excluidos en el Éxito del SBR TransMilenio de Bogotá
Benoit Lefevre
Ciudad y Territorio Estudios Territoriales
2008
PT
Annotated Literature Review on Land Use-Transportation Relationships
Caltrans
2012
EN
Europe’s Vibrant New Low Car(bon) Communities
Nicole Folletta and Simon Field
Institute for Transportation & Development Policy (ITDP)
2011
EN
Comparing Transit-Oriented Development Sites by Walkability Indicators
Marc Schlossberg and Nathaniel Brown
Transportation Research Record
2004
EN
Indore – A Place for People
Prajna Rao and Matthew Bomberg
EMBARQ
2010
EN
Indore – A Place for People
Prajna Rao and Matthew Bomberg
EMBARQ
2017
EN
Making the Link: Integrating Land Use and Transport Planning through Public Transport-Oriented Development
Campaign to Protect Rural England and Housing Foresight
2016
EN
Curbing Excess Sprawl with Congestion Tolls and Urban Boundaries
Regional Science and Urban Economics
2006
EN
Alternative Approaches to Modeling the Travel-Demand Impacts of Smart Growth
Robert Cervero
Journal of the American Planning Association
2006
EN
Managing the Accessibility on Mass Public Transit: The Case of Hong Kong
Hong K. Lo, Siman Tang, and David Z. W. Wang
Journal of Transport and Land Use
2008
EN

TOD has numerous benefits, and can positively impact the social, economic, and environmental conditions of a community. As with all urban development strategies, however, the benefits of TOD are accompanied by externalities, potential negative impacts that can create unfavorable economic and environmental conditions for community residents.

Sustainable Buildings and Construction in Africa
Fissema Tessema, Kaarin Taipale, and Jan Bethge
Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety, Germany
2009
EN
Energy 2030: Financing a Greener Future- Financing Green Energy in a Low Fossil Fuel Price World and Managing Stranded Asset Risk
Citi GPS
2015
EN
Project Paper on a Proposed Additional Loan in the Amount of US $600 Million to the State of Rio de Janerio, Brazil with the Guarantee of the Federative Republic of Brazil for the Upgrading and Greening of the Rio de Janerio Urban Rails System Project
World Bank
2011
EN
Eco-Housing Assessment Criteria
International Institute for Energy Conservation, India
EN

Design connects people to their built environment. Designing vibrant, well-connected places that are people-oriented is integral to successful TOD, and can carry with it a range of social and economic benefits for community residents.

Transit Equity: Reducing Disparities Through and Around Improved Transit Service, Transit-Oriented Development, Housing and Job Growth in Minneapolis
City of Minneapolis
2017
EN
Growing Resources for Growing Cities: Density and the Cost of Municipal Public Services in Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, and Mexico
Nora Libertun de Duren and Roberto Guerrero Compeán
Inter-American Development Bank
2017
EN
Public Transport Subsidies and Affordability in Mumbai, India
Arthur Nelson and Mitch Moody
Brookings Institution
2003
EN
Inclusive Housing and Housing Finance: Key Lessons and Challenges
Marja C. Hoek-Smit
Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania
2013
EN
The Role of Transit-Oriented Development in Constructing Urban Environment Sustainability, the Case of Jabodetabek, Indonesia
Hayati Sari Hasibuan, Tresna P. Soemardi, Raldi Koestoer, and Setyo Moersidik
Procedia Environmental Sciences
2014
EN
The Implications of and Institutional Barriers to Compact Land Development for Transportation: Evidence from Beijing
Pengjun Zhao
Journal of Transport and Land Use
2013
EN
Eco2Cities Guide: Ecological Cities as Economic Cities
Sebastian Moffatt, Hiroaki Suzuki and Ryoko Iizuka,
The World Bank
2012
EN
Understanding the Relationship Between Public Health and the Built Environment
Dr. Reid Ewing and Dr. Richard Kreutzer
U.S. Green Building Council
EN
Transit-Oriented Development and Equity in Latino Neighborhoods: A Comparative Case Study of MacArthur Park (Los Angeles) and Fruitvale (Oakland)
Gerardo Francisco Sandoval and Roanel Herrera
National Institute for Transportation and Communities (NITC)
2015
EN
Travel Behaviors, Sustainable Mobility, and Transit-Oriented Developments: A Travel Counts Analysis of Older Adults in the Denver, Colorado Metropolitan Area
E. Eric Boschmann and Sylvia A. Brady
Journal of Transport Geography
2013
EN
Transit-Oriented Development: Guide to Community Diversity
Growth Management Queensland, the Government of Queensland, Australia
2010
EN
Transit-Oriented Development and Health: A Health Impact Assessment to Inform the Healthy Neighborhoods Equity Fund
Kate Ito, Noemie Sportiche, Barry Keppard, and Peter James
Metropolitan Area Planning Council, Massachusetts Department of Public Health, and the Conservation Law Foundation
2013
EN

Design connects people to their built environment. Designing vibrant, well-connected places that are people-oriented is integral to successful TOD, and can carry with it a range of social and economic benefits for community residents.

Computational Approach for the Assessment of Transit-Oriented Development Principles: A Multivariate Optimization Method for Urban Planning
Fernando Lima, Nuno Montenegro, José Nuno Beirão, and Jose Kos
City Modeling- Urban Planning Approach
2016
EN
Comparative Case Studies of Three IDB-supported Urban Transport Projects
Inter-American Development Bank
EN
Land Transport Masterplan 2013
Singapore Land Transport Authority
EN
Are We There Yet? Creating Complete Communities for 21st Century America
Wang Yu
Reconnecting America
EN
Equitable Transit-Oriented Development: Examining the Progress and Continued Challenges of Developing Affordable Housing in Opportunity and Transit-Rich Neighborhoods
Mariam Zuk and Ian Carlton
Poverty & Race Research Action Council (PRRAC)
2015
EN
Traffic Modeling of Transit-Oriented Development: Evaluation of Transit Friendly Strategies and Innovative Intersection Designs in West Valley City, UT
Xuesong Zhou, Peter T. Martin, Milan Zlatkovic, and Ivana Tasic
Mountain-Plains Consortium
2014
EN
Ferramentas para Avaliação da Inserção Urbana dos Empreendimentos de Faixa 1 do Programa Minha Casa Minha Vida
Institute for Transportation and Development Policy (ITDP), Lab Cidade, and the Ford Foundation
2014
PT
Applications Of Performance Zoning For Industrial Use In Hanover County
Richmond Regional Planning District Commission
2001
EN