Training module on Institutional Development
Indian cities contribute to over 60% of the country's GDP and are today facing the brunt of increasing urbanization, travel demand and personal motorization. Policies favoring the use of personal automobile, urban sprawl and mismatch of transport demand with reliable, good quality and accessible public transport supply have resulted in problems like traffic congestion, road crashes, air pollution and inequity in travel. These are further exacerbated by the fact that institutionally, there is hardly any impetus for planning or managing urban transport in a scientific manner at the city level. Sustainability issues associated with urban transport institutions are multiple. Like any other institution, they exist at the internal operations and communications level; as well as the external impact that transport institutions have on the society and environment. These must be taken into account while studying at how well and poorly institutions have performed.
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